Age and Benefit Entitlement
Your age (and your partner's age) can affect your entitlement to benefits and tax credits
If you are in a couple then, at the moment, which benefits you qualify for is determined by the age of the oldest person, e.g. a couple are deemed to be aged over 65 if the oldest person in the couple is 65 years old or over. In other words, the age of the couple is the age of the oldest person in it. However, under Universal Credit this rule will change so that, from then on, the age of the youngest person in the couple will decide which benefits they qualify for.
For more information on when you count as a couple see single or couple.
Please note that we can not estimate your entitlement if you are under 18 years old. If you are under 18 but your partner is older than 18 then you can still use the calculator to calculate Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit and tax credits. In this case, enter that the younger one is aged 18. Note though that the result may not be accurate for other benefits where different rates of benefit may apply if you have a partner aged under 18.
Some of the rules about benefit eligibility and age are described below.
Pension Credit has two elements - a Guarantee Credit and a Savings Credit. The Savings Credit element is only payable to people aged 65 or over (in couples, where one person is aged 65 or over). The Guarantee Credit element is available to people classified as being older than working age (in couples, where one person is older than working age). Until April 2010 working age means-tested benefits were payable until age 59 and all people aged 60 or over were eligible for the Guarantee Credit element. However, from April 2010 retirement age for women is going up gradually from 60 to 65, and for both men and women the minimum age for the Guarantee Credit element will also increase in stages from 60 to 65. For more information see changes to state pension age.
Income Support/Jobseeker’s Allowance/Employment and Support Allowance
The rates at which these benefits are paid differs according to age and circumstances, and can be less for those aged under 25. Please note that this calculator cannot work out entitlement to IS/JSA/ESA for 16-17 year olds.
Council Tax Support and Housing Benefit
The personal allowance for Council Tax Support and Housing Benefit varies according to age and circumstances, and can be less for those aged under 25. Please note that this calculator cannot work out entitlement to Council Tax Support and Housing Benefit for 16-17 year olds.
If you are aged 16 or over and responsible for at least one child you may be eligible for Child Tax Credit and Working Tax Credit. People with disabilities who are aged 16 or over but who have no children may also be eligible for Working Tax Credit.
Single non-disabled people without children Single non-disabled people without children may also be eligible for Working Tax Credit if they are aged 25 or over. In a non-disabled couple one or both of them must be aged 25 or over (in couples it is the age of the eldest that determines entitlement). For more information see Working Tax Credit.