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Personal Independence Payment Daily Living

Personal Independence Payment is a benefit designed to help with the extra costs caused by ill-health or disability. It consists of two parts, each of which can be at the standard rate or the enhanced rate. This page is about the Daily Living component.

Two rates of daily living component are:

  • Standard rate – if you have a limited ability to carry out daily living activities
  • Enhanced rate – if you have a severely limited ability to carry out daily living activities

Do you live in Scotland?

The Personal Independence Payment is gradually being replaced with the Adult Disability Payment which is being rolled out in the following phases:

  • 21 March 2022 – Dundee, Perth & Kinross, the Western Isles
  • 20 June 2022 – (in addition) Angus, North & South Lanarkshire 
  • 25 July 2022 – (in addition) Fife, North Ayrshire, East Ayrshire, South Ayrshire, Moray, Aberdeen City & Aberdeenshire
  • 29 August 2022 - all other areas in Scotland

The two benefits currently provide the same support, so all the information below applies if you are claiming the Adult Disability Payment instead of the Personal Independence Payment.

Who can qualify for Personal Independence Payment?

Most people will have a face to face consultation with a health professional to assess their daily living needs as part of the activity test. The person’s circumstances are compared with a set of criteria to determine if they are entitled to help. In order to qualify for PIP a person has to score a certain number of points in relation to 10 activities. These are:

  • Preparing food
  • Taking nutrition
  • Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition
  • Washing and bathing
  • Managing toilet needs or incontinence
  • Dressing and undressing
  • Communicating verbally
  • Reading and understanding signs, symbols and words
  • Engaging with other people face to face
  • Making budgeting decisions

Each of these activities has a set of descriptors which, if they describe a person’s condition, grant them a points score. For example, under the Preparing Food activity if someone “Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to either prepare or cook a simple meal” they are awarded two points, but if they “Need supervision or assistance to either prepare or cook a simple meal” the award is four points.

The number of points awarded are used to decide what type of PIP a person is entitled to and what level of award they receive. The person claiming must have the required number of points for the three months before they made their claim and they must be expected to have them for the following nine months.