If you share your home with someone who is not your partner or a dependent child your entitlement to Housing Benefit, Support for Mortgage Interest, Universal Credit housing costs element or Council Tax Reduction can be reduced through rules on non-dependant deductions, in Universal Credit these are called housing cost contributions.
If you share your property with joint tenants e.g. a flat share they are not classed as non-dependants.
A non-dependant is a person who:
Non-dependants are often people like grown-up sons or daughters and elderly relatives.
If someone pays rent to you as a sub-tenant you should declare it by saying 'yes' to the question on sub-tenants on the 'net income' page. People who pay rent to you as a sub-tenant do not count as non-dependants.
The amount of the deduction/contribution depends on the benefit being claimed.
Under Universal Credit rules there is a flat rate contribution (deduction) each month regardless of the non-dependant's income, for 2017/18 this is £70.06 a month.
There will be no contribution expected of non-dependants who are under 21, there will also be no contribution expected of non-dependants who are 21 or over and:
The non-dependants page of the calculator is not currently set up to capture the appropriate exemptions for Universal Credit claimants who have a non-dependant living with them. Whichever category is selected, the flat rate contribution of £70.06 a month will be applied. If you or your non-dependant are exempt and therefore a contribution should not be included in your Universal Credit calculation, please do not include the non-dependant on this page of the calculator.
When calculating these benefits, the rate of non-dependant deduction depends on whether the non-dependant is a student or claims benefits (and which one), or works more than 16 hours a week and, if so, their gross income. If you have a non-dependant couple living with you, one deduction is made based on their joint income, see the 'Amount of deduction / contribution for non-dependant couples' section below.
There will be no deduction made if the non-dependant:
In Universal Credit there is one deduction for each non-dependant, but for the other benefits mentioned above, if you have a non-dependant couple living with you, only one deduction is made for them so they should be treated as 1 non-dependant.
The appropriate deduction will be the highest that applies. For example, if one member of the couple is on benefits and the other is earning £400 per week, the deduction for a non-dependant earning £400 per week would be higher so this is the category that applies and should be entered on the non-dependants page of the calculator.
If both members of a non-dependant couple work 16 or more hours then you should add together their incomes to see which income-band their joint income falls within and select this on the non-dependants page of the calculator.
If you or your partner are registered blind or claiming Disability Living Allowance care component (for Universal Credit it must be the middle or higher rate), Personal Independance Payment daily living component or Attendance Allowance then a non-dependant deduction or housing cost contribution will not be taken from your benefits regardless of your non-dependant's circumstances. The calculator automatically recognises these cases. If you are claiming Pension Credit, non-dependant deductions will only apply for Support for Mortgage Interest, not Housing Benefit.