If you share your home with someone who is not your partner or a dependent child this may affect your benefit entitlement. Please enter the total number of other people who share your home and we will ask about them on the 'Other people who live with you' pages.
Non-dependants are often people like grown-up sons and daughters or elderly relatives. A non-dependant is a person who lives with you but is not liable for paying rent under a formal arrangement. If you live with a non-dependant your Housing Benefit, Universal Credit Housing Element and Council Tax Reduction may be reduced through rules on non-dependant deductions. In Universal Credit these are called housing cost contributions.
If you receive rent under a formal arrangement you should enter the number of sub-tenants or lodgers you have and tell us how much income you receive from them on the 'Net income' page.
If you share your property with joint tenants e.g. a flat share they are not classed as non-dependants but having a joint tenant who is not your partner can affect the help you can receive with housing costs.
A non-dependant is a person who:
Non-dependants are often people like grown-up sons and daughters or elderly relatives.
If someone pays rent to you as a sub-tenant or boarder/lodger you should include the income you receive on the 'net income' page. People who pay rent to you as part of a formal arrangement to live in your home are not non-dependants.
The amount of the non-dependant deduction/ housing costs contribution depends on the benefit being claimed.
Under Universal Credit rules there is a flat rate contribution (deduction) each month regardless of the non-dependant's income, for 2020/21 this is £75.15 a month.
There will be no contribution expected of non-dependants who are under 21, there will also be no contribution expected of non-dependants who are 21 or over and:
When calculating Housing Benefit, the rate of non-dependant deduction depends on whether the non-dependant is a student or claims benefits (and which one), or works more than 16 hours a week and, if so, their gross income. If you have a non-dependant couple living with you, one deduction is made based on their joint income, see the 'Amount of deduction / contribution for non-dependant couples' section below.
There will be no deduction made if the non-dependant:
In local Council Tax Reduction schemes the amount deducted (if any) is decided by your local council when they design the scheme. Many schemes have the same sort of structure as Housing Benefit.
In Universal Credit there is one deduction for each non-dependant, even if they are a couple, but for the other benefits mentioned above, if you have a non-dependant couple living with you, only one deduction is made for them.
The appropriate deduction will be the highest that applies. For example, if one member of the couple is on benefits and the other is earning £400 per week, the deduction for a non-dependant earning £400 per week would be higher so this will be the rate applied for the couple.
If both members of a non-dependant couple work 16 or more hours then the calculator will add together their incomes to see which deduction applies for their joint income.
If you tell us which non-dependants are a couple the calculator will work out the deduction that applies.
If you or your partner are registered blind or claiming Disability Living Allowance care component (for Universal Credit it must be the middle or higher rate), Personal Independence Payment daily living component or Attendance Allowance then a non-dependant deduction or housing cost contribution will not be taken from your benefits regardless of your non-dependant's circumstances. The calculator automatically recognises these cases.