Universal Credit includes an extra amount of money for each dependent child who lives with you. This is called the child element.
Who counts as a dependent child is the same as in current benefits and tax credits. Broadly, if you are able to claim Child Benefit for a child then they should be included in your Universal Credit claim.
Whether children aged between 16 and 19 are included in your claim depends on whether they are attending or enrolled in full-time non-advanced education or on approved training. If they are not in education or training you may not get the child element.
You may not be able to add a child to your claim if the child is claiming another benefit in their own right.
Only one person can get the child element for a dependent child. If you share responsibility for a dependent child with someone else, for example an ex-partner, you must both decide which one of you has main responsibility.
You will be asked for information if:
The main responsibility for a child may sometimes be disputed with another person, for example an ex-partner.
If you and the other person can't agree who has main responsibility, a decision will be made on your behalf based on information you both provide such as:
More information is available on when to include children in a benefits claim.
You will not be able to receive the child element for children you foster. Equally, money that you receive for fostering will be ignored. However, you still need to tell Universal Credit about foster children.
You may get extra money if your dependent child is disabled. This is called the disabled Child Addition and is paid at one of two set rates, a higher rate or a lower rate.
To qualify for the lower rate your child must be entitled to either:
To qualify for the higher rate your child must be entitled to:
If your child is registered blind you must provide evidence of this.
The disabled child addition can only be paid if you are getting the child element for the same child.
You must report a child joining your family within 1 month.
You may stop getting the child element if your dependent child: